Ovsyankina G.Р. 1
1 The Herzen Pedagogical University of Russia
The Article is devoted to history of emergence of musical radio fairy tales of B. A. Tchaikovsky, the analysis of their genre and other stylistic features. They were created by the composer for 1950-70. It is Swineherd, The tin tell-tale, Happiness galoshes, etc. according to known fairy tales of G. H. Andersen, Puss in Boots according to Che. Perrault, four fairy tales about the Elephant calf on D. S. Samoylov’s text, etc. Fairy tales is an integral part of works of the composer, most closer they adjoins to his chamber-and vocal works and ﬁlm music. It is noted that in music of fairy tales the main lines of the author’s style develop. B. A. Tchaikovsky from which ﬁrst of all it is distinguished relief melodies, a bright genre basis. Relevancy of musical material outputs many fairy tales to the sphere of musical and theatrical genres: the vaudeville, the musical, about the fairy tale Rag and Cloud it is possible to speak as about the comic opera on type singspiel. Musical fairy tales of B. A. Tchaikovsky differ in the light ﬁgurative world and musical language, available to understanding. They are valuable repertoire for musical education of children, in particular for their familiarizing with musical and theatrical genres.