Amirshanowa A.S. 1
1 Omsk State Institute of Servise
This article contains material about wooden architecture of Western Siberia, its features and aesthetic importance in formation of creative personality, as well as space-planning decisions and stylistic traits. The author raises the issue of conservation and studying of wooden heritage as traditional folk art and architecture is culture which incorporates the majesty and spirit of the people. An overview of the Siberian fortresses formation, their geographical locations, structures and functions are also presented. The speciﬁcity and differences between old Russian fortresses and Siberian military fortresses and those qualities which inﬂuenced subsequently on the exterior of the Siberian houses are determined. Such trends as severe climate, military engagements, settlers who were convicts, were also took into account. Later, large settlements emerge and grow with the development of the Siberian lands and the setting of paths which linked Siberia with the European part of Russia. If spaceplanning organization of houses still remains reserved, the decoration of the house’s main facade becomes solemn and richly decorated. Further, the author analyzes the effect how some great architectural styles of stone architecture inﬂuence on wooden architecture of Siberia. Finally, the author emphasizes the fact that the collected and published material has its own gaps at present. Therefore it is necessary to pay more attention to the researchers, art historians to ﬁll these gaps and keep valuable information about the brightest wooden heritage; especially it is the most fragile part of our culture.