Voznyak E.R. 1
1 SPSUACE «Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering»
Provided the main design principles of classical facade, based on the laws of order architecture. It is proposed to consider three step process composition: the total composition, the choice of order construction type, exterior architectural decorative elements. The total composition solution of the classical buildings sought to tectonic stability, symmetry elements and symmetry of the main parts of facades. At the stage of order construction it is considered: orderless composition, order composition of a one-storey building, ﬂoor-by-ﬂoor order multi-storey facade, ﬂoor order on the ground ﬂoor, gigantic order and gigantic order on the ground ﬂoor. At the stage of design of the facade architectural forms represented classiﬁcation of architectural forms and the basic principles of accommodation, such as rules of ternary segmentation of the facade, the continuity of the horizontal articulation, vertical axes rule.